BIM; The Age Of Digital Information
Day by day world changes and new modes of thought pass into our lives, trying to create easier one. Civil engineering, as one of the most important aspects of life, and one of the oldest engineering domains in history which deals with construction, design, and infrastructure is trying to keep up with the development of modern technology to meet the needs of the changing-society.
One of these serious attempts is ‘BIM;’ a technique that deals with the constructions’ projects from design through construction into operations, by creating 3 dimensional virtual- model that contains all of the key project information.
The ‘BIM’ technique is widely-known to be directly related to ‘Revit’, but the truth is: ‘Revit’ is one of software design systems which are connected together to achieve the main purpose of ‘BIM’.
‘BIM‘ is the abbreviation of ‘Building information modelling’ It is the break of a new era in construction engineering. Sharing information in construction field was predominantly paper-based, and the problem with it is that papers can be lost easily. In addition, they can’t be up to date with the project’s progress.
The main rule of ‘BIM’ is breaking information barriers between the project stakeholders, by making sharing information process much easier, and coordinated. It also helps in managing the complexity of constructions project. Moreover, as buildings are becoming more and more complicated the need to understand the performance of the building before it is built is increasing.
Going deeper into ‘BIM’ requires explanations for some of its terms. One of these terms is Asset information model ‘AIM’; this model gathers data in the 2nd phase which is the operational phase, then provides this data graphically or non-graphically. An ‘AIM’ might include some specific data about the design intent, 3D models, information about ownership rights and restrictions, and the work which has been executed.
Employer’s information requirements ‘EIR’; defines the information that will be required by the employer from his team or from the suppliers. It also defines how and when the information should be exchanged during the project cycle.
The aforementioned information emphasizes the fact that ‘BIM’ is not only about drawings; it’s a real building simulation. That’s why the development of ‘BIM’ leads to a great progress in ‘Modern buildings’ which have big contributions in environmental eng