Research 101


Two types of people on this universe:

Researchers and everyone else.

So,  is it true that researchers are those geeks with thick round contacts who never get out of labs? Dexter much?

Actually Yes, This is sometimes how things go yet not a general rule.

The real question is : what do they do in there ?

The answer is really simple : They wonder!

That is all ? Seriously?

You wake up wondering about one thing, go to your lab. and do some magical tricks and “boom!” then you run to the streets shouting “Eureka!” ?

Even if so, are not the questions finite?

No common questions and answers between any two researchers all across the world or even history ?!

One big fat NO !

Of course there are many common topics that we call “research points/ Interests”. This varies according to the personal inclinations, Organisation’s policy, Market’s needs , etc.


Then again : How do researchers communicate ?!


They, just as any other group of people, PUBLISH!

when you reach something worth sharing with the crowds outside your lab., you publish it into the suitable place.

What are the kinds of publications? who are the publishers? And most importantly WHO CARES ENOUGH TO READ THIS ?

-There are many types of Academic publications, I will just mention the following:

1) Research (Study) articles:  are written by the researchers who conducted the study, cover why and how the study was done, include data, a discussion of possible implications of the findings, and end with a list of references.

2) Case Report: Where we focus on a single incident or example and analyse it on its own regardless of the common general understanding. This is usually used by medical scientists however other researchers use it as well.

3) Empirical research articles: reports  findings derived from direct observation or experiment . Such articles are based on evidence as opposed to theory or conjecture, and can usually be replicated in follow-up studies. This kind is always a start to a series of research experiments as to find out why did not things go the way we expected them to !.

4) conceptual paper:  is primarily based on theoretical considerations, theories, frameworks, models, etc.. Such papers tend to use no empirical data (sometimes to support certain thoughts and conclusions).

5) Position paper:  is an essay that presents an opinion about an issue , typically that of the author or another specified entity; such as a political party. Position papers are published in academia, in politics, in law and other domains.

6) commentary article: informs thoughts or observations about a topic or practice or even another research paper. It is basically a follow-up on another work.

7) species paper:  is a formal description of a newly discovered species, usually in the form of a scientific paper. Its purpose is to give a clear description of a new species of organism and explain how it differs from species which have been described previously, or are related.

8) Review articles:  summarizes the current state  of understanding on a topic. it surveys and summarizes previously published studies, rather than reporting new facts or analysis. It paves the road to the interested researchers in such topics.


Many of these articles can be published by one author, group or organisation in a book form. While some other researchers prefer to publish an “editor volume”, which is a massive book of one topic but has many co-authors each has written a separate section of the book on his own without working on the rest of the book.


How to publish your work?


The process of academic publishing, which begins when authors submit a manuscript to a publisher, is divided into two distinct phases: peer review and production.

The process of peer review is organized by the journal editors and is complete when the content of the article, together with any associated images or figures, are accepted for publication. The peer review process is increasingly managed online, through the use of proprietary systems, commercial software packages, or open source and free software. A manuscript undergoes one or more rounds of review by technical and academia leads; after each round, the author(s) of the article modify their submission in line with the reviewers’ comments; this process is repeated until the editor is satisfied and the work is accepted. This process is what makes or breaks your publication,  the harsher reviewers you work with, the stronger your publication- and yourself for that matter- get.

The production process, controlled by a production editor or publisher, then takes an article through the natural sequence of copy editing,typesetting, inclusion in a specific issue of a journal, and then printing and online publication. Academic copy editing seeks to ensure that an article conforms to the journal’s house style, that all of the referencing and labeling is correct, and that the text is consistent and legible; often this work involves substantive editing and negotiating with the authors, they seek harmony. Because the work of academic copy editors can overlap with that of author’s editors, editors employed by journal publishers often refer to themselves as “manuscript editors”. Typesetting deals with the appearance of the article — layouts, fonts, headings etc., both for print and online publication. Historically, these activities were all carried out in-house in a publisher, but increasingly are subject to outsourcing and freelancing.  The majority of typesetting is probably now done in India and China, and copy editing is frequently done by local freelancers, or by staff at the typesetters. Even printing and distribution are now tending to move overseas to lower-cost areas of the world, such as Singapore.

keep attentive and watch out for the deadlines, or else.

– so, Who reads all this stuff ?

– Researchers, Scientists, Experts, and basically anyone who is interested in the topic and takes it seriously, even those desperate students who still have homework!

So, It looks like those so-called researchers/scientists have  legitimate reasons not to leave their labs and to get crazy and die young after all;  so next time you see one,  be kind and give him/her a consoling tap on the shoulder,  this or food!





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